Baby Friendly Initiative National Symposium By Theme

Day 1 Theme: Global to Local: Adopting socially just and equitable approaches for infant feeding and Baby-Friendly Initiative implementation


  • The adoption of socially just and equitable approaches to quality improvement in the field of maternal and child health.

  • Global and national efforts to address maternal and child health inequities, unmet social determinants of health, lactation support, and inclusive approaches to infant feeding.

  • World Health Organization Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Implementation Guidance  and the application to the Ten Steps and WHO Code Outcome Indicators in Canada.

  • Optimal infant feeding in complex systems; recognizing the relationship between chronic disease prevalence, household food insecurity and access to safe sustainable food systems in times of emergency.

  • Context and constraints: unmet social determinants of health and disparities in breastfeeding.

  • Resurgence of breastfeeding as an act of Indigenous cultural revitalization.

Day 2 Theme: Reconciliation and cultural competency in the context of family-centered care and the Baby-Friendly Initiative


  • Truth and Reconciliation Commission for Canada Calls to Action and the relevancy for organizations and individuals supporting maternal-child health.

  • The Baby-Friendly Initiative implementation as response to the TRC Calls to Action.

  • Historical impact of colonization and residential schools on the family unit.

  • Personal, organizational and structural barriers that impact infant feeding.

  • Grounding practice in cultural safety and the importance of personal responsibility, self-reflection, and the examination of power, privilege, racism and other structural barriers.

Day 3 Theme: Connections and innovations that lead to the equity-informed implementation of the Baby-Friendly Initiative in Canada


  • Impact of Baby-Friendly implementation on maternal-child health outcomes.

  • Creating enabling environments that support informed infant feeding decision-making.

  • Breastfeeding as a fundamental public health issue.

  • Innovative and informed infant feeding research, programs and policy.

  • Value of partnership, collaboration and relationship in supporting system transformation and health system improvement. 

  • Grassroots action and the impact of community-led, community-based programs and services.

Mother Breastfeeding Baby